The Center for Atmospheric Sciences | » Hampton/LSU Research Duo Find Key to Earth’s Earliest Rocks Orbiting Jupiter as Published in Nature Magazine

  • Researchers


  • News

      Recent News:

      August 7, 2019 : Hampton University and the City of Hampton Partner to Form Hampton University Severe Storm Research Center

      HAMPTON, Va. (July 17, 2019) –Hampton University has received notice of a $135,000.00 grant from the Economic Development Authority City of Hampton, Virginia, a political subdivision of the Commonwealth of Virginia, (“EDA”) to fund the “Center of Excellence,” Hampton University’s Severe Storm Research Center. “With the creation of this Center, Hampton University can continue to […]

      January 11, 2019 : VESSS receives “2019 Programs That Work Award”

      NEWS RELEASE For Release: January 10, 2019 Virginia Space Grant Consortium Receives 2019 Programs That Work Award from Virginia Mathematics & Science Coalition Contact: Sharon Emerson-Stonnell, President, Virginia Mathematics & Science Coalition, (434) 395-2197, emersonstonnellss@longwood.edu Mary Sandy, Director, Virginia Space Grant Consortium, (757) 766-5210, msandy@odu.edu The Virginia Earth System Science Scholars (VESSS) program, offered by […]

      January 3, 2019 : 2019 CREST Undergraduate Research Experience Open for Applications

      The APS department is pleased to once again offer the CURE program from May 28 to July 26, 2019. This 8-week session provides engaging research in atmospheric sciences and space sciences using observations from NASA spacecraft and ground-based measurements from optical instrumentation, with a goal of understanding our home planet, Earth. Program activities include: Making […]

  • Hampton/LSU Research Duo Find Key to Earth’s Earliest Rocks Orbiting Jupiter as Published in Nature Magazine

    In an article published Sept. 26th in Nature magazine, Hampton University planetary scientist William Moore and LSU geologist A. Alex Webb reveal new evidence for a period of Earth’s history that lacked plate tectonics and instead featured much greater volcanic activity.  Calling this period “Heat-Pipe Earth,” the researchers show how frequent volcanic eruptions alter the surface and interior of the planet, creating a cold and strong lithosphere.  Such a thick layer of cold rocks has been revealed by an analysis of Earth’s most ancient rocks and minerals, resulting in the long-standing “archaean paradox,” in which a young Earth which should have been hotter was instead found to be colder near the surface. A similar paradox was discovered at Jupiter’s moon Io, the most volcanically active body in the solar system. Despite Io’s record-breaking volcanism, many parts of its surface are cold and strong enough to support mountains up to 20 kilometers high. This coincidence of high volcanic heat flow and a cold, strong lithosphere lead Moore and Webb to apply a similar concept to the early Earth. This is how a key to Earth’s ancient history was found orbiting Jupiter!

    Articles describing this finding have been posted at Space.com, New Scientist, phys.org, LiveScience, and HuffPost UKNature also interviewed Dr. Moore to discuss this research at their weekly podcast.