The Center for Atmospheric Sciences | » John Anderson

    • Ph.D., Atmospheric Science, North Carolina State University, 1998

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      john.anderson@hamptonu.edu

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  • John Anderson

    My research interests include validating and analyzing data from satellite-based instruments and developing reference global aerosol and trace-gas climatologies and time series analysis with a special emphasis on trend detection and climate change. My doctoral thesis involved the retrieval of microphysical properties such as size distribution, surface area concentrations, volume concentrations and effective radius from the Stratospheric Aerosol and Gas Experiment (SAGE) II measurements with a special emphasis on Mt. Pinatubo aerosol properties. I joined the Center for Atmospheric Sciences (CAS) staff as a post-doctoral research fellow in May of 1998.

    I have previously merged trace-gas records measured by the SAGE II, Aura Microwave Limb Sounder (MLS), Atmospheric Chemistry Experiment Fourier Transform Spectrometer (ACE-FTS), and the Halogen Occultation Experiment (HALOE) instruments as part of the NASA MEaSUREs Global OZone Chemistry And Related trace gas Data records for the Stratosphere (GOZCARDS) project [see Froidevaux et. al (2016) for details]. The purpose of the project was to create composite data records of trace gases important in stratospheric ozone chemistry. Composite data records are useful in principle due to the fact that they are sufficiently long enough to exhibit changes (such as ozone recovery) over decadal time scales, provide boundary conditions for Global Climate Model (GCM) simulations, and they are a vital tool in validating Chemistry Climate Model (CCM) simulations. The GOZCARDS project spanning from 1978 through the present created one such composite ozone record. The GOZCARDS composite ozone record is constructed of measurements from SAGE I, SAGE II, HALogen Occultation Experiment (HALOE), ACE-FTS, MLS on the Upper Atmosphere Research Satellite (UARS) and Aura. The GOZCARDS team also developed a Hydrogen Chloride (HCl) composite data record constructed from HALOE, ACE-FTS, and Aura MLS measurements. This record has proven to be useful in corroborating northern hemisphere HCl increases due to atmospheric circulation changes as measured by column-based Fourier Transform Thermal Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR) measurements made at various NDACC locations and SLIMCAT model results (Mahieu et al., 2014). Furthermore, GOZCARDS ozone data were used in a study by Ball et. Al (2018) that showed surprising decreases in lower stratospheric ozone since 1998.

    I have participated in the SPARC Data Initiative where trace-gas and aerosol climatologies from HALOE were constructed for comparison with other satellite data sets. I am also the Deputy Campus PI on the NOAA EPP Cooperative Science Center for Earth System Science Remote Sensing Technology (CREST).

    Selected Publications:

    Ball, W. T., Alsing, J., Mortlock, D. J., Staehelin, J., Haigh, J. D., Peter, T., Tummon, F., Stübi, R., Stenke, A., Anderson, J., Bourassa, A., Davis, S. M., Degenstein, D., Frith, S., Froidevaux, L., Roth, C., Sofieva, V., Wang, R., Wild, J., Yu, P., Ziemke, J. R., and Rozanov, E. V.: Evidence for a continuous decline in lower stratospheric ozone offsetting ozone layer recovery, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 18, 1379-1394, https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-18-1379-2018, 2018.

    Nedoluha, G. E., Kiefer, M., Lossow, S., Gomez, R. M., Kämpfer, N., Lainer, M., Forkman, P., Christensen, O. M., Oh, J. J., Hartogh, P., Anderson, J., Bramstedt, K., Dinelli, B. M., Garcia-Comas, M., Hervig, M., Murtagh, D., Raspollini, P., Read, W. G., Rosenlof, K., Stiller, G. P., and Walker, K. A.: The SPARC water vapor assessment II: intercomparison of satellite and ground-based microwave measurements, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 17, 14543-14558, https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-17-14543-2017, 2017.

    Steinbrecht, W., Froidevaux, L., Fuller, R., Wang, R., Anderson, J., Roth, C., Bourassa, A., Degenstein, D., Damadeo, R., Zawodny, J., Frith, S., McPeters, R., Bhartia, P., Wild, J., Long, C., Davis, S., Rosenlof, K., Sofieva, V., Walker, K., Rahpoe, N., Rozanov, A., Weber, M., Laeng, A., von Clarmann, T., Stiller, G., Kramarova, N., Godin-Beekmann, S., Leblanc, T., Querel, R., Swart, D., Boyd, I., Hocke, K., Kämpfer, N., Maillard Barras, E., Moreira, L., Nedoluha, G., Vigouroux, C., Blumenstock, T., Schneider, M., García, O., Jones, N., Mahieu, E., Smale, D., Kotkamp, M., Robinson, J., Petropavlovskikh, I., Harris, N., Hassler, B., Hubert, D., and Tummon, F.: An update on ozone profile trends for the period 2000 to 2016, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 17, 10675-10690, https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-17-10675-2017, 2017.

    Tegtmeier, S., Hegglin, M. I., Anderson, J., Funke, B., Gille, J., Jones, A., Smith, L., von Clarmann, T., and Walker, K. A.: The SPARC Data Initiative: comparisons of CFC-11, CFC-12, HF and SF6 climatologies from international satellite limb sounders, Earth Syst. Sci. Data, 8, 61-78, https://doi.org/10.5194/essd-8-61-2016, 2016.

    Harrison, J. J., Chipperfield, M. P., Boone, C. D., Dhomse, S. S., Bernath, P. F., Froidevaux, L., Anderson, J., and Russell III, J.: Satellite observations of stratospheric hydrogen fluoride and comparisons with SLIMCAT calculations, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 16, 10501-10519, https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-16-10501-2016, 2016.

    Nair, P. J., L. Froidevaux, J. Kuttippurath, J. M. Zawodny, J. M. RussellIII, W. Steinbrecht, H. Claude, T. Leblanc, J. A. E.van Gijsel, B. Johnson, D. P. J. Swart, A. Thomas, R. Querel, R. Wang, and J. Anderson, Subtropical and midlatitude ozone trends in the stratosphere: Implications for recovery. J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 120, 7247–7257. doi: 10.1002/2014JD022371, 2015.

    Harris, N. R. P., Hassler, B., Tummon, F., Bodeker, G. E., Hubert, D., Petropavlovskikh, I., Steinbrecht, W., Anderson, J., Bhartia, P. K., Boone, C. D., Bourassa, A., Davis, S. M., Degenstein, D., Delcloo, A., Frith, S. M., Froidevaux, L., Godin-Beekmann, S., Jones, N., Kurylo, M. J., Kyrölä, E., Laine, M., Leblanc, S. T., Lambert, J.-C., Liley, B., Mahieu, E., Maycock, A., de Mazière, M., Parrish, A., Querel, R., Rosenlof, K. H., Roth, C., Sioris, C., Staehelin, J., Stolarski, R. S., Stübi, R., Tamminen, J., Vigouroux, C., Walker, K. A., Wang, H. J., Wild, J., and Zawodny, J. M.: Past changes in the vertical distribution of ozone – Part 3: Analysis and interpretation of trends, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 15, 9965-9982, doi:10.5194/acp-15-9965-2015, 2015.

    Froidevaux, L., Anderson, J., Wang, H.-J., Fuller, R. A., Schwartz, M. J., Santee, M. L., Livesey, N. J., Pumphrey, H. C., Bernath, P. F., Russell III, J. M., and McCormick, M. P.: Global OZone Chemistry And Related trace gas Data records for the Stratosphere (GOZCARDS): methodology and sample results with a focus on HCl, H2O, and O3, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 15, 10471-10507, doi:10.5194/acp-15-10471-2015, 2015.

    Mahieu, E., Chipperfield, M. P., Notholt, J., Reddmann, T., Anderson, J., Bernath, P. F., Blumenstock, T., Coffey, M. T., Dhomse, S., Feng, W., Franco, B., Froidevaux, L., Griffith, D.W.T., Hannigan, J., Hase, F., Hossaini, R., Jones, N. B., Morino, I., Murata, I., Nakajima, H., Palm, M., Paton-Walsh, C., Russell III, J. M., Schneider, M., Servais, C., Smale, D., and Walker, K. A.: Recent  northern hemisphere hydrogen chloride increase due to atmospheric circulation change , Nature, 515, 104-1072014,doi:10.1038/nature13857.

    Hegglin, M. I., D. A. Plummer,  T. G. Shepherd, J. F. Scinocca, J. Anderson, L. Froidevaux, B. Funke, D. Hurst, A. Rozanov, J. Urban, T. von Clarmann, K. A. Walker, H.J. Wang, S. Tegtmeier, and K. Weigel, Vertical structure of stratospheric water vapour trends derived from merged satellite data ,  Nature Geoscience, 7, 768–7762014,doi:10.1038/ngeo2236.

    Tummon, F., Hassler, B., Harris, N. R. P., Staehelin, J., Steinbrecht, W., Anderson, J., Bodeker, G. E., Bourassa, A., Davis, S. M., Degenstein, D., Frith, S. M., Froidevaux, L., Kyrölä, E., Laine, M., Long, C., Penckwitt, A. A., Sioris, C. E., Rosenlof, K. H., Roth, C., Wang, H.-J., and Wild, J.: Intercomparison of vertically resolved merged satellite ozone data sets: interannual variability and long-term trends, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 15, 3021-3043, doi:10.5194/acp-15-3021-2015, 2015.

    Hegglin, M.I., S. Tegtmeier, J. Anderson, L. Froidevaux, R. Fuller, B. Funke, A. Jones, G. Lingenfelser, J. Lumpe, D. Pendlebury, E. Remsberg, A. Rozanov, M. Toohey, J. Urban, T. von Clarmann, K.A. Walker, R. Wang, and K. Weigel, ‘SPARC Data Initiative: Comparison of water vapor climatologies from international satellite limb sounders‘, J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 118, 11,824–11,846, DOI: 10.1002/jgrd.50752, 2013.

    Tegtmeier, S., M.I. Hegglin, J. And­erson, A. Bourassa, S. Brohede, D. Degenstein, L. Froidevaux, R. Fuller, B. Funke, J. Gille, A. Jones, Y. Kasai, K. Krüger, E. Kyrölä, G. Lingenfelser, J. Lumpe, B. Nardi, J. Neu, D. Pendlebury, E. Remsberg, A. Rozanov, L. Smith, M. Toohey, J. Urban, T. von Clarmann, K.A. Walker, and H.J. Wang, ‘The SPARC Data Initiative: A comparison of ozone climatologies from international satellite limb sounders’, J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 118, 12,229–12,247, DOI: 10.1002/2013JD019877, 2013.

    Toohey, M., M.I. Hegglin, S. Tegtmeier, J. Anderson, J.A. Añel, A. Bourassa, S. Brohede, D. Degenstein, L. Froidevaux, R. Fuller, B. Funke, J. Gille, A. Jones, Y. Kasai, K. Krüger, E. Kyrölä, J.L.Neu, A. Rozanov, L. Smith, J. Urban, T. von Clarmann, K. A. Walker, and R.Wang, ’Characterizing sampling bias in the trace gas climatologies of the SPARC Data Initiative’, J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 118, 11,847–11,862, DOI: 10.1002/jgrd.5087, 2013.

    Nair, P. J., Godin-Beekmann, S., Kuttippurath, J., Ancellet, G., Goutail, F., Pazmiño, A., Froidevaux, L., Zawodny, J. M., Evans, R. D., Wang, H. J., Anderson, J., and Pastel, M.: Ozone trends derived from the total column and vertical profiles at a northern mid-latitude station, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 13, 10373-10384, doi:10.5194/acp-13-10373-2013, 2013.

    Clerbaux, C., and D.M. Cunnold (Lead Authors), J. Anderson, A. Engel, P.J. Fraser, E. Mahieu, A. Manning, J. Miller, S.A. Montzka, R. Nassar, R. Prinn, S. Reimann, C.P. Rinsland, P. Simmonds, D. Verdonik, R. Weiss, D. Wuebbles, Y. Yokouchi, Long-Lived Compounds, Chapter 1 in Scientific Assessment of ozone depletion: 2006, Global Ozone Research and Monitoring Project-Report No. 50, World Meteorological Organization, Geneva, Switzerland, 2006.

    Jackman, C.J., M.T. DeLand, G.J. Labow, E.L. Fleming, D.K. Weisenstein, M.K.W. Ko, M. Sinnhuber, J. Anderson, and J.M. Russell III, The influence of the several very large solar proton events in years 2000-2003 on the neutral middle atmosphere, Adv. Space Res.35, #3, 445-450, 2005.

    Thomason, L.W., S.P. Burton, N. Iyer, J.M. Zawodny, and J. Anderson, A revised water vapor product for the Stratospheric Aerosol and Gas Experiment (SAGE) II version 6.2 data set, J. Geophys. Res., 109,6312 10.1029/2003JD004465, 2004.

    Rinsland, C.P., E. Mahieu, R. Zander, N.B. Jones, M. Chipperfield, A. Goldman, J.  Anderson,J.M. Russell III, P. Demoulin, J. Notholt, G.C. Toon, J.-F. Blavier, B. Sen, R. Sussmann,  S.W. Wood, A. Meier, D.W.T. Griffith, L.S. Chiou, F.J. Murcray, T.M. Stephen,and A. Schultz,  Long-Term Trends of Total Inorganic Chlorine from Ground-Based Infrared Solar Spectra:  Past Increases and Evidence for Stabilization, J. Geophys. Res., 108(D8), 4254, doi:10.1029/2002JD003001, 2003.

    Anderson, J., J.M. Russell III, S. Solomon, and L.E. Deaver, HALOE confirmation of stratospheric chlorine decreases in accordance with the Montreal Protocol,  J. Geophys. Res.105, 4483-4490, 2000.

    Anderson, J. , C. Brogniez, L. Cazier, V.K. Saxena, J. Lenoble, and M.P. McCormick,  The characterization of aerosols from simulated SAGE III measurements applying two retrieval techniques, J. Geophys. Res.105, 2013-2027, 2000.

    Saxena, V.K., S. Yu, and J. Anderson,  Impact of stratospheric volcanic aerosols on climate: Evidence of radiative forcing in Southeastern US, Atmos. Environ., 31, 4211-4221, 1997.

    Yue, G. K., J. Lu, V. A. Mohnen, P.-H. Wang, V. K. Saxena, and J. Anderson, Retrieving aerosol optical properties from moments of the particle size distribution, Geophys. Res. Lett., 24, 651-654, 1997.

    Anderson, J. and V.K. Saxena,  Temporal changes of the Mt. Pinatubo aerosol characteristics over northern mid-latitudes derived from SAGE II extinction measurements,  JGeophys. Res., 101, 19455-19463, 1996.

    Anderson, J. and V.K. Saxena,  Evolution of Mt. Pinatubo aerosol over Antarctica inferred from SAGE II extinction measurements,  Atmos. Environ.30, 1797-1804, 1996.

    Saxena, V.K., P.A. Durkee, S. Menon, J. Anderson, K.L. Burns, and K.E. Nielsen,  Physico-chemical measurements to investigate cloud-climate feedback mechanisms.  Atmos. Environ., 30, 1573-1579, 1996.

    Saxena, V.K., J. Anderson and N.-H. Lin,  Changes in antarctic stratospheric aerosol characteristics due to volcanic eruptions as monitored by SAGE II satellite.  J. Geophys. Res.100, 16735-16751, 1995.

     Data Sets:

    Froidevaux, L., J. Anderson, R. A. Fuller, P. F. Bernath, N. J. Livesey, J. M. Russell III, and K. A. Walker (2013-05-02) , GOZCARDS Source Data for Hydrogen Chloride Monthly Zonal Means on a Geodetic Latitude and Pressure Grid V1.01 (GozSmlpHCl) at GES DISC , version 1.01 , Greenbelt, MD, USA , NASA Goddard Earth Science Data and Information Services Center , Accessible at doi:10.5067/MEASURES/GOZCARDS/DATA3001.

    Froidevaux, L., J. Anderson, R. A. Fuller, P. F. Bernath, N. J. Livesey, J. M. Russell III, and K. A. Walker (2013-05-02) , GOZCARDS Merged Data for Hydrogen Chloride Monthly Zonal Means on a Geodetic Latitude and Pressure Grid V1.01 (GozMmlpHCl) at GES DISC , version 1.01 , Greenbelt, MD, USA , NASA Goddard Earth Science Data and Information Services Center , Accessible at doi:10.5067/MEASURES/GOZCARDS/DATA3002.

    Anderson, J., L. Froidevaux, R. A. Fuller, P. F. Bernath, N. J. Livesey, H. C. Pumphrey, W. G. Read, J. M. Russell III, and K. A. Walker (2013-05-02) , GOZCARDS Source Data for Water Vapor Monthly Zonal Means on a Geodetic Latitude and Pressure Grid V1.01 (GozSmlpH2O) at GES DISC , version 1.01, Greenbelt, MD, USA , NASA Goddard Earth Science Data and Information Services Center , Accessible at doi:10.5067/MEASURES/GOZCARDS/DATA3003.

    Anderson, J., L. Froidevaux, R. A. Fuller, P. F. Bernath, N. J. Livesey, H. C. Pumphrey, W. G. Read, J. M. Russell III, and K. A. Walker (2013-05-02) , GOZCARDS Merged Data for Water Vapor Monthly Zonal Means on a Geodetic Latitude and Pressure Grid V1.01 (GozMmlpH2O) at GES DISC , version 1.01 , Greenbelt, MD, USA , NASA Goddard Earth Science Data and Information Services Center , Accessible at doi:10.5067/MEASURES/GOZCARDS/DATA3004.

    Froidevaux, L., R. Wang, J. Anderson, R. A. Fuller, P. F. Bernath, M. P. McCormick, N. J. Livesey, J. M. Russell III, K. A. Walker, and J. M. Zawodny (2013-05-02) , GOZCARDS Source Data for Ozone Monthly Zonal Means on a Geodetic Latitude and Pressure Grid V1.01 (GozSmlpO3) at GES DISC , version 1.01 , Greenbelt, MD, USA , NASA Goddard Earth Science Data and Information Services Center , Accessible at doi:10.5067/MEASURES/GOZCARDS/DATA3005.

    Wang, R., L. Froidevaux, J. Anderson, R. A. Fuller, P. F. Bernath, M. P. McCormick, N. J. Livesey, J. M. Russell III, K. A. Walker, and J. M. Zawodny (2013-05-02) , GOZCARDS Merged Data for Ozone Monthly Zonal Means on a Geodetic Latitude and Pressure Grid V1.01 (GozMmlpO3) at GES DISC , version 1.01 , Greenbelt, MD, USA , NASA Goddard Earth Science Data and Information Services Center , Accessible at doi:10.5067/MEASURES/GOZCARDS/DATA3006.

    Honors:

    •     NASA Group Achievement Award – Joint American & Russian Meteor 3M/SAGE III Team 2007

    •     NASA Group Achievement Award – UARS Team 2006

    •     NASA Group Achievement Award – SAGE III Team 2003

    Project: Creating Climate Data Records

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    I  have been involved in a project with researchers from NASA JPL and Georgia Tech University called the Global OZone Chemistry And Related trace gas Data records for the Stratosphere (GOZCARDS). The goal of the GOZCARDS project is to provide commonly-formatted Earth System Data Records (ESDRs) of stratospheric composition, of high relevance to the issue […]